Boivin S, Saucède T, Laffont R, Steimetz E & Neige P (2018). Diversification rates indicate an early role of adaptive radiations at the origin of modern echinoid fauna. PLoS ONE 13(3): e0194575
Les résultats de cette étude mettent en évidence l’existence de deux radiations évolutives contemporaines au sein des oursins irréguliers jurassiques, chacune étant associée à une forte diversification fonctionnelle, en accord avec l’hypothèse de radiation adaptative…
L’article “Adaptive radiation in the fossil record: a case study among jurassic ammonoids” par P. Neige, G. Dera & J.L. Dommergues, vient d’être publié dans Palaeontology (online publication).
Evolutionary radiations have been extensively studied especially in the fossil record and in the context of post-crisis recoveries. The concept of adaptive radiation that emerges from this very broad topic explicitly involves the effect of adaptation driven by ecological opportunity and is considered to be of the foremost importance. It is essential to be able to detect adaptive radiation because it points up factors that predispose a clade to radiate. Adaptive radiation has received much attention in recent decades based mostly on studies dealing with Recent clades, but data from the fossil record are still scarce. The present study begins to fill this gap with the example of Lower Jurassic ammonoids (through c. 8 Myr of history). A survey of several clades, using both taxonomic and disparity-based approaches, shows that they diversified successively through time, but not systematically, in terms of species numbers and morphological variety. Some clades seem to have exhibited adaptive radiation and to have become rapidly extinct. One clade (which engendered nearly all post-Lower Jurassic ammonoids) has a fossil record that begins with low diversity and disparity but is superseded by a sustained radiation pattern. The results are discussed in the light of the Modern Synthesis and its continuation into an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis.